By governance we mean
An approach allowing for a spontaneous development of a territory or city potentials, exploiting its internal resources through the choice of shared projects and rules started by the public management ability in creating a competences/resources network among all concerned parties.
Governance therefore means a set of rules
Acting according to the urban and territorial governance, they contribute to build and achieve the strategic planning goals. The application of these procedures does not precede or follow the planning choices, but rather it proceeds concurrently with them right from the beginning, thus determining the choice of a technical-political work methodology that ensures the transparent and effective behaviour of the parties involved for the achievement of the (public and private) goals, up to the final fulfilment of a policy, programme, and planning.
In the field of territorial planning – regional, sub-regional and municipal – the public institution is responsible for determining rules through a plan or project. European experiences this task has been transferred to private parties as common misunderstanding of governance.
Urban Governance Guidelines for Turistic Management Plans
Mrs.Prezioso the scientific coordinator of NewCiMed project exposes the guidelines for the turistic plan.
Click on the image left to open the presentation
Public Governance and Territory
Since 2000 the stages of a territorial good governance process, in support of choices of competitive development in sustainability, have been identified as follows:
– Identification and co-ordination of involved actors into policies, plans and programs development for territory organization and management;
– Analysis of the modalities according to which the changes in the decisional processes (rules of governance) are produced;
– Pinpointing and assessment of best practices to implement and manage policies, programmes and planning in relation to a beforehand development1. In fact, the public management contents in the governance perspective were: centrality of the interactions with the players at different levels; social networks management and coordination; direction towards the economic-social “milieu”.
Contrary, concepts of governance and public management –corollary to sustainable development for territorial competitiveness– imply the outgrowing of the conventional coordination issues. They refer to transversal policies asking for participation and activeness of agency, either institutional and not, in order to achieve an integrated management that goes beyond the usual administrative responsibilities.
The ‘good governance’ logic, exceeding in evolutionary terms the government perspective, enhances flexible guidance and new ways of sharing and impulse territory administration.
Thus coordination is highlighted at the lower subsidiary administrative levels, as well as better integration between local demand and supply policies, through the development of necessary new instruments (regulations, voluntary agreements).
This approach towards an integrated and complex management of the governance is based upon a European federalist perspective and does not necessarily require the creation of new structures, which could otherwise multiply the institutional levels (in the meantime reducing their powers) and create conflicts with the pre-existent apparatus.
Implementing territorial governance at a particular level does not only mean to reform institutions, but also to plan the culture of governance: substituting the top-down rules of territorial planning administration with new typological and participated forms, and opening decisional and managerial processes to new players (stakeholders) with a legitimate position.
Market forces alone cannot guarantee the integration of a territory’s environmental, social and economic relationships; therefore the capability is needed to create favourable conditions for a sustainable development through governance for the management of their right balance.