Sustainable Territorial economic / environmental Management Approach
The Territorial Sustainability Plan (STeMA) proposes an innovative approach in order to identify the factors which harm the development of the territory by introducing a policy of action compatible with the one used by the Region.
Such a policy is aimed at sustainability by guaranteeing the development of local stakeholders present so as to experiment and suggest to those less evolved areas the pecuniary risk and spheres of intervention which will determine their evolution.
The STeMA method system was presented for the first time to the attention of the European scientific community in the International Conference “Present and Future of the ESDP”, organized by the Ministry of Infrastructure in 2004, in relation to the issue of cohesion.
This approach was subsequently refined as part of the ESPON 2006 developing the territorial extent of the integrated objectives of the Lisbon and Gothenburg in relation to competitiveness and sustainability in the policies of regional cohesion.
The STeMA method developed perfected a procedure for assessing systemic able to determine the incidence of indicators measured on developing cohesive, competitive and sustainable development of different European territories.
The act of assessment accompanies the final phase of the plan (whether urban or regional planning) combining tools of strategic control in integrated planning (as may be the TIA – Territorial Impact Assessment or the Strategic Environmental – Assessment VAS) with those of measurement interventions for sustainability and cohesion from the calculation of the potential territorial real (ex ante and ex post of the specific local capabilities).
This process has been standardized in a specific methodological approach, which defines how the organization / sustainable environmental and land management – system. Summarized in logical steps, the system can be applied on a national scale (macro), regional (meso) and provincial / subregional (micro).
Some axioms are the basis of the evaluation procedure:
System is a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary methodology;
System “works” according to a logic-systematic qualitative and from a perspective of “total quality management”;
System integrates the expertise (12 natural and human components) and the complexity of the different systems using knowledge as an instrument authorizing officer;
System pursues the goal of sustainability using the SEA procedure (Decree Min. Environment, 2006 sec. Additions) as the basis of its reasoning;
System allows the comparison and updated data.
In order to arrive at an estimate the system:
- fixed and uses a common vocabulary;
- defines how data capture (reliable and certified);
- establishes the list of indicators to be used how logical connection allowing a comparison between them and the old structural indicators;
- proceeds through the regionalization of data and taking into account the functional structure of the territory in accordance with European types, transform input statistical and spatial information linking them to local context endogenous and social belonging;
- it attaches via the procedure quantitative judgment ex ante on the level of territorial cohesion;
- identifies local policies necessary to achieve the objectives of the integrated subject search (taking into consideration the provisions of the Structural Funds);
- through a project dedicated to TIA or VAS depending on the geographical scale of the plan, it created a computerized procedure and supports the expression of an ex post judgment simulating the effects (impacts) of territorial policies undertaken or potential.
The operating procedure (GIS) that accompanies the system, allowing policy makers to choose the objectives in line with the strategy set itself.
It then becomes possible, optimize and highlight the different options based on the study of issues related to European regional structure.
System allows to analyze the area in an operational manner, that is used to compare one or more options within each determinant.
This method is designed to contribute to the generation of possible scenarios and also allows you to make intermediate controls.
The application of this procedure involves the implementation of a GIS application and a “user friendly” right to collect, carry and communicate information, starting from data.
Hence the need to create a system of continuous updating of the GIS to address the issue of the effects varied over time. System is certified ISO 9000: Vision 2000.