UNESCO’s objectives in conservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage are also pursued by the NewCiMed Project
The Paris UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage in 1972 has the purpose of ensuring identification, protection, conservation and transmission to future generation of Natural and Cultural Heritage, defined as properties with an Outstanding Universal Value that has to be preserved by all international community.
In the Convention text, “monuments, group of buildings and sites” are specifically defined as Cultural Heritage, whereas “natural features, geological and physiographical formations and natural sites” shall be considered as Natural Heritage.
The Convention’s signatory states are called State Parties and they are responsible for heritage’s protection and periodical report of its conditions.
The cultural and natural properties with an Outstanding Universal Value can be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List (WHL). An Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Outstanding Universal Value, The World Heritage Committee, establishes the inclusion of a property in the List.
The territory’s conservation becomes an opportunity for a development making a global valorization of New Cities of Mediterranean Basin’s Heritage.
The preservation of the property and its outstanding universal value is the fundamental principle and all international community has to guarantee it. For this reason the management strategy is very important for the Committee: it is able to protect the site constituting, at the same time, an opportunity for a sustainable development. A responsible municipality/institution/agency has to guarantee a tangible caution in management, valorization, protection and monitoring activity for the Heritage.